Scientists say the belief that it is okay for individuals with a fish allergy to eat canned fish (with out first present process a radical evaluation) could be mistaken and harmful.
Professor Andreas Lopata from James Prepare dinner College’s Australian Institute of Tropical Well being and Drugs (AITHM) and the Tropical Futures Institute (TFI) in Singapore led the new examine revealed within the journal Allergy.
Fish allergy is very complicated and sometimes life-threatening for a lifetime. Professor Lopata mentioned the prevalence of fish allergy could be as excessive as 6% amongst kids in nations the place seafood is consumed incessantly.
“At present, there is no such thing as a efficient remedy. The administration of fish allergy depends on full avoidance of implicated fish within the weight loss program of affected people, training—after which emergency remedy as a final resort,” mentioned Professor Dianne Campbell from the Youngsters’s Hospital in Westmead, Sydney.
Singapore-based co-author Dr. Thimo Ruethers mentioned canned fish is topic to excessive warmth throughout processing and a few fish-allergic persons are capable of eat it safely, as demonstrated by oral meals challenges carried out for this examine.
“Nevertheless, previous to this examine the security of consuming canned fish has not been evaluated with required complete immunological and molecular evaluation,” he mentioned.
The scientists examined 17 canned fish merchandise out there in Australia, from 9 completely different producers.
“Opposite to frequent perception, we discovered that though allergens (allergy-triggering fish proteins) have been markedly lowered in canned fish, they weren’t destroyed through the heating course of. The canned product remained harmful to some individuals with fish allergic reactions,” Dr. Ruethers mentioned.
He mentioned the consumption of canned fish by fish-allergic sufferers requires a cautious evaluation on a person foundation, typically involving a supervised oral meals problem.
“It is also vital to notice that each canned fish product is completely different. Canned tuna appeared safer, as in comparison with canned salmon or sardine,” Dr. Ruethers mentioned.
“To the perfect of our data, that is the primary examine of its sort,” lead creator Dr. Aya Taki mentioned.
“Primarily based on our findings, we suggest that immunogenicity of canned fish must be additional investigated, with a view to creating diagnostic instruments for collection of fish-allergic sufferers who could possibly tolerate these merchandise safely.”
Aya C. Taki et al, Thermostable allergens in canned fish: Evaluating dangers for fish allergy, Allergy (2023). DOI: 10.1111/all.15864
James Prepare dinner College
Canned fish can nonetheless set off allergic reactions, says examine (2023, October 2)
retrieved 2 October 2023
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