Home Health Firearm suicides fell worldwide since 1990, however rose in 31 nations

Firearm suicides fell worldwide since 1990, however rose in 31 nations

Firearm suicides fell worldwide since 1990, however rose in 31 nations

Firearm suicides fell worldwide since 1990, but rose in 31 countries
Variety of suicides by firearm (international and by WHO areas), by sexes, 2019. Supply: GBD estimates. Credit score: Ilic et al., 2022, PLOS ONE, CC-BY 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)

From 1990 to 2019, deaths from suicide by firearm declined all through the world, however some nations noticed an growing development. Irena Ilic of the College of Belgrade, Serbia, and colleagues current these findings within the open-access journal PLOS ONE on Might 25, 2022.

Firearm suicides signify a major public well being concern in lots of nations. Monitoring and understanding suicide statistics might help inform efforts to scale back deaths. Nonetheless, few research have examined from suicide by firearm at a world scale.

To enhance understanding of this subject, Ilic and colleagues analyzed firearm suicide information for women and men from 204 nations and territories, spanning the interval from 1990 to 2019. Utilizing this information, they calculated age-standardized from suicide by firearm; this measurement accounts for variations in firearm suicide mortality charges noticed between totally different age teams and the totally different proportions of individuals of various ages making up totally different nations’ populations.

By 2019, the evaluation discovered that 52,694 firearm suicide deaths occurred worldwide, giving an age-standardized mortality fee of 0.65 deaths per 100,000 individuals. Worldwide, charges had been six occasions larger for males than for ladies on this yr (45,110 deaths in males and seven,584 in girls). The best firearm suicide charges, for each women and men, had been in Greenland and the U.S., adopted by developed nations together with France, Canada, Finland, Switzerland, and Norway. Charges had been lowest in China, Japan, and Singapore.

Worldwide, firearm suicides decreased between 1990 and 2019, with the most important decreases seen in Singapore, Sri Lanka, Australia, and Switzerland. Nonetheless, will increase had been seen in 31 nations, notably in growing nations, together with Jamaica, Venezuela, and Egypt. In some nations, reminiscent of Afghanistan, charges elevated for ladies however not for males.

The authors be aware that the information used for this examine might endure from incompleteness for some nations, in addition to a scarcity of standardization of suicide information between nations. Nonetheless, the findings might assist inform public well being efforts to scale back firearm suicides around the globe.

The authors add that “there are giant worldwide variations within the mortality patterns of suicide by firearm. Regardless of the lowering tendencies in mortality of suicide by firearm in many of the areas, noticed in each sexes and in all age teams, in 31 nations growing tendencies in mortality of by firearm had been reported.”

Examine outcomes might assist enhance firearm security messaging to forestall suicides

Extra info:
Irena Ilic et al, Worldwide suicide mortality tendencies by firearm (1990–2019): A joinpoint regression evaluation, PLoS ONE (2022). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0267817

Firearm suicides fell worldwide since 1990, however rose in 31 nations (2022, Might 25)
retrieved 25 Might 2022
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