Racial and ethnic disparities in COVID-19 instances, hospitalizations, and deaths have persevered all through the pandemic, and enhancing vaccine entry and uptake among the many populations which are disproportionately impacted stays one of the crucial essential methods to cease the unfold of the virus.
Federally certified well being facilities (FQHCs) have performed a central position in growing COVID-19 vaccination charges throughout the US amongst underserved and minority populations, in response to a brand new research led by a Boston College College of Public Well being (BUSPH) researcher.
Printed within the journal JAMA Community Open, the research discovered that, as of July 2021, FQHCs administered 61.4 p.c of their vaccines to individuals of shade, in comparison with 40 p.c of vaccines administered to racial and ethnic teams within the common US inhabitants.
FQHCs present major care companies to underserved communities throughout the nation, and the COVID-19 vaccination effort on the facilities was fueled by the Well being Heart COVID-19 Vaccine Program, which the Biden administration launched in February 2021 to make sure that all communities have a chance to obtain the vaccine.
“FQHCs have performed a essential position in enabling equitable entry to COVID-19 vaccines in marginalized communities which are in any other case typically least more likely to obtain the vaccine,” says research lead creator Dr. Megan Cole Brahim, assistant professor of well being legislation, coverage & administration at BUSPH.
The truth that FQHCs are deliberately positioned in low-income, medically underserved areas and are seen as trusted members of the local people makes these facilities a essential entry level for marginalized populations, she says.
“These populations could not in any other case have easy accessibility to a vaccine clinic, or could not belief different forms of establishments with histories of racism or which have systematically failed them,” Cole says. “As we proceed to see decrease COVID vaccination charges in lots of low-income communities of shade, significantly inside Black communities and amongst youngsters, continued funding in FQHCs from federal and state governments might be essential in enhancing vaccine fairness.”
For the research, Cole and colleagues analyzed FQHC administrative knowledge and nationwide COVID-19 survey knowledge on complete cumulative vaccinations by race and ethnicity at 1,096 FQHCs that served 25.9 million sufferers throughout the nation from January 8 to July 2, 2021. Vaccines had been equitably administered to American Indian, Alaska Native, Asian, and Hispanic sufferers, whereas inequities amongst Black sufferers persevered—however these inequities had been smaller in contrast with these among the many common Black inhabitants within the US.
“Persistent COVID vaccine inequities amongst Black communities is probably going formed by higher structural limitations to accessing the vaccine, mixed with medical distrust stemming from many years of systemic racism within the medical group,” Cole says. “FQHCs will help to additional mitigate these drivers by continued partnerships with group organizations, focused outreach, cell and pop-up clinics with prolonged hours, and by supplied culturally competent and linguistically acceptable info to all sufferers.”
The research was co-authored by Julia Raifman, assistant professor of well being legislation, coverage & administration at BUSPH; Sabrina Assoumou, infectious illness doctor at Boston Medical Heart and assistant professor of medication at Boston College College of Drugs; and June-Ho Kim, teacher of medication at Harvard Medical College and inner drugs doctor at Brigham and Girls’s Hospital.
JAMA Community Open (2022). jama.jamanetwork.com/article.a … tworkopen.2021.42698
Boston College College of Drugs
Well being facilities are enhancing COVID-19 vaccine fairness amongst individuals of shade (2022, January 10)
retrieved 10 January 2022
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