Arthritis, a prevalent and debilitating situation, impacts thousands and thousands of people worldwide. It’s a time period used to explain a gaggle of continual issues characterised by irritation and stiffness in a number of joints. Arthritis could cause vital ache, restricted mobility and diminished high quality of life for many who reside with it. There are a number of sorts of this joint situation, every with its personal causes, signs and strategy to remedy. Right here we are going to discover the 2 most prevalent types of arthritis: rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis.

Well being Photographs reached out to Dr Punit Pruthi, Director- of Rheumatology and Inside Drugs, Asian Hospital Faridabad, to grasp how these two joint situations rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis are totally different from one another.

Distinction between rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA) are each sorts of arthritis, however they differ of their underlying causes, signs and remedy approaches. Listed below are the important thing variations between the 2:

1. Causes

Rheumatoid arthritis: RA is an autoimmune illness wherein the physique’s immune system mistakenly assaults its personal tissues, significantly the synovium (the liner of the joints). The precise reason behind RA is unknown, however genetic and environmental elements are believed to play a task.

Diffrent arthritis have diffrent causes. Picture Courtesy: Shutterstock

Osteoarthritis: OA is primarily a degenerative joint illness that happens because of the put on and tear of the joints over time. Elements comparable to ageing, joint harm, weight problems, and joint overuse contribute to the event of OA.

2. Joint involvement

Rheumatoid arthritis: RA sometimes impacts a number of joints symmetrically, which means either side of the physique are affected. It generally impacts smaller joints comparable to these within the fingers, wrists and ft, however bigger joints may also be concerned.

Osteoarthritis: OA normally impacts weight-bearing joints such because the hips, knees, and backbone. It usually impacts a single joint or a number of joints and tends to be uneven, which means it might solely happen on one aspect of the physique.

3. Signs

Rheumatoid arthritis: RA is characterised by joint ache, swelling and stiffness, significantly within the morning or after intervals of inactivity. It may possibly additionally trigger fatigue, common malaise, and systemic signs like fever and weight reduction. RA may end up in joint deformities and should have an effect on different organs and techniques within the physique.

knee pain
Knee ache is widespread, however don’t take it calmly. Picture courtesy: Shutterstock

Osteoarthritis: OA is primarily related to joint ache and stiffness that worsens with exercise and improves with relaxation. Joint swelling is much less widespread in OA in comparison with RA. Over time, OA can result in the formation of bone spurs and joint deformities.

4. Development

Rheumatoid arthritis: RA is a continual, progressive illness that tends to worsen over time if left untreated. It may possibly trigger joint injury, cartilage loss, and bone erosion, resulting in vital incapacity and purposeful impairment.

Osteoarthritis: OA usually progresses slowly, and the signs might step by step worsen over a few years. Nonetheless, the speed of development can fluctuate between people. OA primarily impacts the joints and doesn’t sometimes contain systemic problems.

5. Remedy

Rheumatoid arthritis: RA is managed utilizing a mixture of medicines, comparable to disease-modifying antirheumatic medication (DMARDs), nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medication (NSAIDs), and corticosteroids. Biologic therapies that focus on particular parts of the immune system are additionally utilized in sure circumstances. Bodily remedy and way of life modifications are essential for managing signs and bettering joint operate.

arthritis treatment
Search reduction from arthritis to keep away from worse signs of arthritis. Picture courtesy: Shutterstock

Osteoarthritis: Remedy for OA focuses on relieving ache, bettering joint operate, and minimizing additional joint injury. This may occasionally contain way of life modifications (weight administration, train), ache medicines (acetaminophen, NSAIDs), bodily remedy, assistive units, and in extreme circumstances, joint substitute surgical procedure.


It’s important to seek the advice of a healthcare skilled for an correct prognosis and applicable administration of arthritis, as they will present customized recommendation based mostly on a person’s particular situation.