Human immunodeficiency virus or HIV is an an infection that weakens our physique’s immune system whereas acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is the late stage of the an infection. Individuals have a tendency to combine up the 2, however they don’t seem to be the identical factor. There are extra doubts about HIV and AIDS. So, on the event of World AIDS Day, which is commemorated on December 1, an skilled solutions a few of the regularly requested questions on HIV and AIDS.

On the finish of 2022, it was discovered that about 39.0 million folks had been dwelling with HIV, as per the World Well being Group. As many as 6,30, 000 folks misplaced their lives as a consequence of HIV-related causes final yr.

Try some regularly requested questions on HIV and AIDS. Picture courtesy: Shutterstock

Regularly requested questions on HIV and AIDS

There are numerous questions that folks have relating to HIV and AIDS. A few of them are:

1. How lengthy is my lifeline with HIV?

Antiretroviral remedy (ART) is advisable for folks dwelling with HIV. So long as they take the medicines underneath this remedy, they’ll have a traditional life span, says Dr Vasant Nagvekar, an skilled in infectious illnesses.

2. How lengthy do I’ve to take the medicines?

A. An individual identified with HIV must take the HIV medicine for his or her total life.

3. Is there a everlasting remedy for HIV?

A. There isn’t a everlasting remedy, however it may be saved underneath management with applicable medicines, says the skilled. Our physique can also’t eliminate HIV, so upon getting it, it will likely be with you for all times.

4. Can I share the identical washroom with my household?

Sure, after all, utilizing the identical washroom with your loved ones shouldn’t be a issues. HIV is unfold from the physique fluids of an individual who’s contaminated, not through the use of the identical washroom.

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5. Can I take advantage of the identical utensils with my household?

Sure, you need to use the identical utensils. HIV doesn’t unfold by sharing meals or utilizing the identical utensils.

6. Do I require some extra vaccination with HIV?

A. At present, there isn’t any vaccine to stop or deal with those that reside with HIV an infection.

7. If me and my spouse are HIV constructive, can our kids be HIV destructive?

Sure, supplied each are virologically suppressed, particularly the mom, says Dr Nagvekar. Additionally, the mother and father must examine with a specialist about supply, breastfeeding and antiretroviral remedy for the new child.

8. I’m HIV constructive, so can I prepare dinner meals for my household?

Completely! HIV is majorly transmitted by sexual means, mom to baby (if mom is constructive) and thru blood transfusion.

You’ll be able to start HIV therapy proper after prognosis. Picture courtesy: Shutterstock

9. When ought to I begin therapy for HIV?

Earlier, the HIV therapy was delayed, principally as a consequence of issues about its long-term results. CD4, which is a glycoprotein discovered on the floor of immune cells, performed an essential function. Medical doctors waited till an individual’s CD4 rely dropped beneath 500, however now issues have modified as a consequence of technological development. Now, the therapy can start early, typically even the second you get identified with HIV.

10. What ought to an individual do if she or he has an unintentional sexual publicity with an unknown particular person, and is anxious about HIV?

Begin antiretroviral remedy as early as attainable, which suggests it needs to be completed inside 24 hours of publicity. Do it solely after correct session about HIV and different sexually transmitted illnesses.

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Despite the fact that there isn’t any remedy, folks dwelling with HIV and who take the medicines prescribed by their physician can reside wholesome and lengthy lives. Having the medication is essential, as it may possibly cut back the quantity of HIV within the contaminated particular person’s blood.