Men and women share many of the identical danger components for heart problems (CVD), a big worldwide research has discovered—the primary such research to incorporate folks not solely from excessive earnings international locations, but additionally from low- and middle-income international locations the place the burden of CVD is the best.
The research was printed at the moment in The Lancet.
The worldwide research assessed danger components, together with metabolic (resembling hypertension, weight problems and diabetes), behavioral (smoking and weight loss program), and psychosocial (financial standing and melancholy) in about 156,000 folks with no historical past of CVD between the ages of 35 and 70. Residing in 21 low, center and high-income international locations on 5 continents, they have been adopted for a mean of 10 years.
“Men and women have related CVD danger components, which emphasizes the significance of the same technique for the prevention of CVD in women and men,” mentioned the paper’s first creator Marjan Walli-Attaei, a analysis fellow on the Inhabitants Well being Analysis Institute (PHRI) of McMaster College and Hamilton Well being Sciences (HHS).
Total, girls had a decrease danger of growing CVD than males, particularly at youthful ages.
Nevertheless, weight loss program was extra strongly related to CVD danger in lady than males—”one thing that is not been earlier described, and which requires unbiased affirmation,” mentioned Salim Yusuf, lead investigator of the research, senior creator, govt director of PHRI, professor of drugs at McMaster College, and heart specialist at HHS.
Excessive ranges of unhealthy (LDL) ldl cholesterol and signs of melancholy have been extra strongly related to CVD danger in males than in girls. The patterns of those findings have been typically related in high-income international locations and upper-middle-income international locations, and in low-income and lower-middle-income international locations.
Metabolic, behavioural, and psychosocial danger components and heart problems in girls in contrast with males in 21 high-income, middle-income, and low-income international locations: an evaluation of the PURE research, The Lancet (2022). www.thelancet.com/journals/lan … (22)01441-6/fulltext
Threat components for coronary heart illness and stroke are largely related in women and men globally, finds research (2022, September 8)
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