Up to date: 29 Could 2023, 11:33 am IST

Bruxism is a medical time period used to explain a situation by which an individual grinds, clinches, or gnashes their enamel. It typically happens involuntarily throughout sleep, often called sleep bruxism. However it could additionally occur whereas awake, often called awake bruxism. Whereas occasional enamel grinding might not trigger vital hurt, continual bruxism can result in dental issues and discomfort together with tooth put on, jaw ache, headache, and disturbed sleep. So, how one can forestall grinding enamel? Properly, fortuitously, there are a number of preventive measures and methods that may assist people mitigate the consequences of enamel grinding.

Well being Photographs spoke to Dr Nirali Patel, a Dental Surgeon, Oral Implantologist (Fellow of ICOI, USA), and Beauty Dentist (Licensed Digital Smile Designer, Spain), who listed some attainable causes and coverings of bruxism or enamel grinding.

Causes of grinding enamel

Folks grind their enamel for quite a lot of causes. Whereas nervousness and stress can result in enamel grinding, these components are much less widespread than an irregular chew, lacking or misaligned enamel, or an aberrant chew while you’re asleep. One of many causes of enamel grinding would possibly doubtlessly be a sleep problem like sleep apnea.

Dr Rupani says, “The innocuous apply of grinding one’s enamel is unusual. However should you grind your enamel incessantly, you’ll be able to harm your enamel. Discovering the basis of the issue is step one in treating enamel grinding.” The next are typical causes for tooth grinding:

  • Harassed and nervousness
  • Unbalanced or errant chew
  • Broken, misaligned, or lacking enamel
  • Points with sleep, together with sleep apnea and insomnia
  • Drugs reminiscent of antidepressants and antipsychotics
  • Ailments of the nervous system, reminiscent of Parkinson’s and Huntington’s
  • Extreme consumption of caffeine, alcohol, and smoking
Be careful for these signs of bruxism. Picture courtesy: Adobe Inventory

Signs of enamel grinding

In some circumstances, the one method to inform should you grind your enamel at night time is to search for bruxism signs. Hold a watch out for these indicators:

  • Power boring headache
  • Jaw ache or stiffness
  • You create a grinding noise if you sleep, which others can hear
  • Important tooth put on
  • Tooth sensitivity
  • Earaches
  • Disturbed sleep
  • Facial ache
  • Gum recession
  • Indentation on the tongue

Does enamel grinding have an effect on one’s well being?

Some individuals who grind their enamel usually might develop cracks, weakening or tooth loss. Tooth would possibly develop scars from frequent grinding. In these circumstances, it could be vital to make use of partial or full dentures, bridges, crowns, implants, and root canal remedy. Whereas grinding your enamel can harm them and trigger tooth loss, it could additionally have an effect on your jaws and alter the best way your face seems.

Easy methods to cease enamel grinding (bruxism)?

These are a number of ideas that may allow you to cease grinding your enamel:

1. Keep away from caffeine

Keep away from stimulating substances reminiscent of espresso, chocolate and different caffeinated meals and drinks. These meals can enhance the probability of enamel grinding. So, keep away from them completely or eat them carefully.

caffeine side effects of teeth
An excessive amount of caffeine can have an effect on your enamel. Picture courtesy: Shutterstock

2. Avoid alcohol

Restrict your consumption of alcohol and tobacco as a result of after the consumption of those two issues, grinding normally will get extra extreme.

3. Keep away from chewing on non-food objects

The probability that you could be grind your enamel will increase should you chew on pens, pencils, and different non-food issues. Take heed to such habits and to divert your thoughts you’ll be able to chew sugar-free gum or chew toys designed for stress aid. It should assist to coach your jaw muscular tissues to tighten.

4. Put on a mouthguard

In the event you incessantly grind your enamel, carrying a mouthguard or splint whereas sleeping can present a bodily barrier between your higher and decrease enamel, stopping additional harm and lowering the impression of grinding.

5. Jaw and facial muscular tissues workouts

Practising workouts that assist calm down your jaw and facial muscular tissues can scale back the tendency to grind your enamel. Some easy workouts embody gently massaging the jaw muscular tissues, making use of heat compresses to the jaw space, and practising jaw stretches and leisure methods advisable by a dentist or bodily therapist.

facial exercises
Facial workouts can scale back the danger of grinding of enamel. Picture courtesy: Shutterstock

6. Stress administration

Stress is among the components behind bruxism. Partaking in stress-reducing methods reminiscent of train, meditation, yoga, deep respiratory workouts, and hobbies that you simply get pleasure from may also help you overcome this situation. You can too seek the advice of a dentist or physician about stress-relieving methods should you grind your enamel out of frustration.

7. Leisure methods

Create a calming routine throughout the day, and particularly earlier than mattress to assist put together your physique for deep sleep. Keep away from utilizing cellphones or watching TV, as an alternative take a heat tub, hearken to soothing music or learn a ebook to maintain your self calm and relaxed. Another leisure therapies for enamel grinding embody having remedy for muscle relaxants, beginning an train routine, getting counselling for stress, and contacting a bodily therapist.


Bruxism is the time period for teeth-clenching and grinding. It may occur any time, throughout the day or night time. Sleep bruxism might worsen situations since you aren’t conscious that you’re doing it. If uncared for, enamel grinding can hurt your enamel, jaw joints, facial muscular tissues, and enamel. So, it’s higher to seek the advice of a physician for well timed remedy. Additionally, implement these methods to scale back the impression of bruxism and shield your enamel.